Employment of psychologists is expected to grow
as fast as average. Job
prospects should be the best for people who have a doctoral degree from a
leading university in an applied specialty, such as counseling or health, and
those with a specialist or doctoral degree in school psychology. Master's degree
holders in fields other than industrial-organizational psychology will face
Opportunities will be limited for bachelor's degree holders.
Employment change. Employment of
psychologists is expected to grow 12 percent from 2008 to 2018, about as fast as
the average for all occupations. Employment will grow because of increased
demand for psychological services in schools, hospitals, social service
agencies, mental health centers, substance abuse treatment clinics, consulting
firms, and private companies.
Demand for school psychologists will be driven by a growing awareness of how
students' mental health and behavioral problems, such as bullying, affect
learning. School psychologists will also be needed for general student
counseling on a variety of other issues, including working with students with
disabilities or with special needs, tackling drug abuse, and consulting and
managing personal crisis.
Spurring demand for clinical psychologists will continue to be the rising
healthcare costs associated with unhealthy lifestyles, such as smoking,
alcoholism, and obesity, which have made prevention and treatment more critical.
An increase in the number of employee assistance programs, which help workers
deal with personal problems, also should lead to employment growth for clinical
and counseling specialties. More clinical and counseling psychologists will be
needed to help people deal with depression and other mental disorders, marriage
and family problems, job stress, and addiction. The growing number of elderly
will increase the demand for psychologists trained in geropsychology to help
people deal with the mental and physical changes that occur as individuals grow
older. There also will be increased need for psychologists to work with
Industrial-organizational psychologists also will be in demand to help to
boost worker productivity and retention rates in a wide range of businesses.
Industrial-organizational psychologists will help companies deal with issues
such as workplace diversity and antidiscrimination policies. Companies also will
use psychologists' expertise in survey design, analysis, and research to develop
tools for marketing evaluation and statistical analysis.
Job prospects. Job prospects should be
best for people who have a doctoral degree from a leading university in an
applied specialty, such as counseling or health, and those with a specialist or
doctoral degree in school psychology. Psychologists with extensive training in
quantitative research methods and computer science may have a competitive edge
over applicants without such background.
Master's degree holders in fields other than industrial-organizational
psychology will face keen competition for jobs because of the limited number of
positions that require only a master's degree. Master's degree holders may find
jobs as psychological assistants or counselors, providing mental health services
under the direct supervision of a licensed psychologist. Still, others may find
jobs involving research and data collection and analysis in universities,
government, or private companies.
Opportunities directly related to psychology will be limited for bachelor's
degree holders. Some may find jobs as assistants in rehabilitation centers or in
other jobs involving data collection and analysis. Those who meet State
certification requirements may become high school psychology teachers.
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor,
Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2010-11 Edition
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Psychologist Job Outlook